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Wildlife sanctuary in india sanctuaries in the states animals found and importence

Sanctuaries in INDIA Importence of wildlife sanctury in INDIA.

There are no boundaries.  Preserved in danger of extinction here.  - All kinds of permissions for people.  -It promotes research.  As of 2017, there are 543 sanctuaries in the country.

Sanctuaries in the state

There are 9 wildlife sanctuaries in Telangana.  They are:
  • Kawwal Wildlife Sanctuary: It is spread over the districts of Adilabad, Asifabad, Nirmal and Good Governance.  Its area is 892.31 sq.km.
  • This is adjacent to the Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra and the Indravati Tiger Reserve in Chhattisgarh.  
  • Private Wildlife Conservation Center: It is located in the Goodwill District.  (Pranahita River basin)
  • Saturday Sanctuary: Maranyarala and Periyapalli Districts.
  • Etur Nagaram Sanctuary: It is located in the Jayashankar Bhupalapalli district.  The oldest sanctuary in the state.  The river Godavari flows through it.  It contains giant caves and epigraphs of prehistoric times.
  • Paral Sanctuary: Sprawled in Mahabubabad and Warangal Rural Districts.
  • Kinnarasani Sanctuary: Bhadradri is located in Kothagudem district.

Most tiger state in the country - Karnataka (406).

Abrabad Sanctuary: It is called the Rajiv Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary.  It is spread across the Nagarkarnool and Nallagonda districts.  The sanctuary was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1978 and a tiger reserve in 1983.  It was also divided during the partition of the state.  The state government has issued a decree on February 6, 2015 recognizing it as the center of tiger care in the state.  It extends across the Krishna river basin.  It includes a total of 15 tigers.
The Government has enacted a number of programs pursuant to Article 48 and Article 51 (a) of the Constitution for the protection of wildlife.
The Government established the Indian Board for Wildlife in 1952 for the protection of wildlife.  It is chaired by the Prime Minister.  The Wildlife Protection Act was enacted in 1972 in all states (except Jammu and Kashmir).  The tiger has been declared a national animal since April 1, 1973. Under this law, the country has taken some initiatives regarding endangered animals.  They are called National Wildlife Conservation Projects.  Project Tiger - Operation Elephanta Reserves - Operation Crocodile - Operation Seaturtle.

Tiger Reserves

On April 1, 1973, 9 Tiger Reserves were announced in the country by launching a project called Operation Tiger.  - Number of tiger reserves in the country - 50 - First tiger reserve in the country - Bandipur Tiger Reserve (Karnataka)
  • Operation Tiger is our national animal before the project is announced - the lion
  • 50th Tiger Reserve Arunachal Pradesh Kamlong.  Largest Tiger Reserve in the country - Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam (which covers a total area of   3,728 sq.km) 
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Important Tiger Reserves

Madhya Pradesh: Kanha (1973) - 80 Tigers, Pench (1992-93) - 43, Bandhavgarh (1993-94) - 63, Panna (1994-95) - 17, Satpura (1999-2000) - 26, Sanjay-Dubri  (2008-09) - 8 - Uttarakhand: Zimcarbet (1973-74) - 215, Rajaji (2015) - Uttar Pradesh: Dudhwa (1987-88) - 58, Philibith (2014) - 25 - Bihar: Valmiki (1989-90)  -22-Jharkhand: Falamau (1973-74) - 3 -West-West Bengal: Sundarbans-24 Paranas (1973-74) - 68, Buxa (1982-83) - 2 -Odisha: Simlipal (1973-74) - 3 Whites, Santhoshia  (2008-09) - 3 - Telangana: Kavwal (2012-13), Amrabad -  Chhattisgarh: Indravati 13, Achanakmar 11, Udanthi Seethanadi 4 - Kerala: Periyar 20, Parambikulam 19 - Karnataka: Bandipur (1973-74) - 382,   Badra 22, Anshi Dandeli 5, Nagar Hole 101  Biligiri Ranganatha - 68 - Maharashtra: Tadoba - Andheri - 51, French - 35, Melghat - 25, Sahyadri - 7, Navgaon Nazira - 7, Bore - 5 - Tamil Nadu: Kalakkad Mundatalai - 10, Annamalai - 13, Madumalai - 89, Satyamangalam  - 2 - Rajasthan: Ranthambore - 37, Sariska - 9, Mukandra Hills - Mizoram: Dampha-3 - Arunachalp  Des: Namdafa (1982-83) -11, Pakui (1999-2000) - 7, Kamlong (2016) -Assam: Nameri (1999-2000) -5, Kaziranga (2008-09) -103, Manasa (1973-74)  ) -11, Jalang (2016)

Operation Elephant

Elephanta Reserves opened in February 1992.  - This project is called the Countdown project.
Most elephants in the country are in Karnataka (4,452).
Currently there are 31 elephant care centers in 14 states.  The country's elephants are divided into three categories.  They are:
1.  Green Area (if human dominance is high).
2.  Yellow Area (Human and Elephant Conflict Area).
3.  Red area (dominated by elephants) 
Medicinal Sanctuary: Ananthagiri (Vikarabad) -Manjira Sanctuary: Sangareddy District -Pocational Sanctuary: Medak District.

Operation Crocodile

  • This project was launched in 1974 in the world in collaboration with UNDP.  The country began in 1975.  Crocodile Bank has been set up in Chennai to crocodile the country.  - The fastest endangered species of crocodiles.
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Elephant Care Centers

Karnataka: Mysore Elephant Reserve - 4452 Elephants - Kerala: Nilambur (281), Wayanad (636), Anaimudi (1547), Periyar (1100) - Tamil Nadu: Srivilliputhur ... (638), Annamalai (179), Coimbatore (  329), Nilgiris (2862) - Andhra Pradesh: Rayala (12) - Orissa: Mayurbhanj (465), Sambalpur (336), Baitarni (108), South Odisha (138) - West West Bengal: Eastern Dooars (350), Mayur Jarna (90).  ) -Assam: Chirang-Rippe (658), Kaziranga-Carbiyanglong (1940), Sonitpur (612), Dihang Patka  ((295), Dhansiri-Lungding (275) - Arunachal Pradesh: South Arunachal Pradesh (129), Kameng - Nagaland: Intaki (30) - Meghalaya: Garo Hills (1047), Khasi Hills (383) - Jharkhand: Singhbhum (371)  : Badalkol-Tamorpingla (138), Lemru-Uttarakhand: Shivalik (1610) - Total elephants 21370

Operation Caterpillar

It was started in 1975.  - Odisha: Gahirmatabeach - Olive Ridley Turtles - Tamil Nadu: Tuticorin - Hacks Bill Turtles

Biosphere Reserves

The boundaries are decided by Parliament.  -There are animals and all kinds of life.  Tourism is not allowed.  -The country currently has 18 biosphere reserves.  - First Biosphere Reserve Nilgiri in Tamil Nadu (1986), Panna in Madhya Pradesh (2011), last announced Biosphere.  Biosphere on UNESCO list.  Andaman), Agasthamalai (Kerala).  - Nilgiri, Sundarbans, Mannar Indushakha and Nandadevi have launched a program called Man and Biosphere Reserve (MAB) for Biosphere Reserves.  - Biosphere Reserves in the country are in effect.  Dihang-Dibang-Sikkim: Kanchanaganga-Madhya Pradesh: Panchamarhi, Panna-Himachal Pradesh: Cold Desert - Uttarakhand: Nandadevi - Gujarat: K  An madhyaprades, Chhattisgarh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands acanakmar-Amarkantak: Great Nicobar

"World Wildlife and Wildlife Day - October 4th."

Habitat protection

 Ex-Situ protection is the process of protecting endangered species in any geographical area with human involvement outside their natural environment.  - Establishment of gene banks, sperm banks, seed-stocks reserve bank, botanical gardens and zoos for this purpose.

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